He (SAW) Let Him Go
Abu Saeed Al-Khudri (rtam) narrated: “Ali bin Abu Talib (rtam) sent a piece of gold, not yet taken out of its ore, in a tanned leather container to Allah’s Messenger (sa). Allah’s Messenger (sa) distributed that amongst four persons: Uyainah bin Badr (rtam), Aqra bin Habis (rtam), Zaid Al-Khalil (rtam) and the fourth was either Alqamah (rtam) or Amr bin Tufail (rtam). On that, one of his companions said: ‘We are more deserving of this (gold) than these (persons).’ When the news reached the Prophet (sa), he said: ‘Don’t you trust me, though I am the trustworthy man of the One in the heavens, and I receive the news of the heavens (i.e., Divine Revelation) both in the morning and in the evening?’ There got up a man with sunken eyes, raised cheek bones, raised forehead, a thick beard, a shaven head and a waist sheet that was tucked up and he said: ‘O Allah’s Messenger! Be afraid of Allah.’ The Prophet (sa) said: ‘Woe to you! Am I not of all the people of the earth the most entitled to fear Allah?’ Then, that man went away. Khalid bin Al-Waleed (rtam) said: ‘O Allah’s Messenger! Shall I chop his neck off?’ The Prophet (sa) said: ‘No, maybe he offers prayers.’ Khalid (rtam) said: ‘Numerous are those, who offer prayers and say by their tongues (i.e., mouths) what is not in their hearts.’ Allah’s Messenger (sa) said: ‘I have not been ordered (by Allah) to search the hearts of the people or cut open their bellies.’” (Bukhari)
The above incident highlights that suspicion without evidence is not permitted, especially, when a believer is under consideration. Also, if there occurs a disagreement with a stranger whom we have no previous relationship with, it is best to disregard it. We often witness or experience such disputes and squabble on the road, in the market, in the Masjid or other public places and take them to our heart. For peace to prevail, we should initiate forgiveness.
He (SAW) Reconciled Amongst Them
Al-Bara (rtam) has narrated: “When the Prophet (sa) intended to perform Umrah in the month of Dhul-Qadah, the people of Makkah did not let him enter Makkah, till he settled the matter with them by promising to stay in it for three days only. When the document of the treaty was written, the following was mentioned: ‘These are the terms, on which Muhammad (sa), Allah’s Apostle agreed (to make peace).’ They said: ‘We will not agree to this, for if we believed that you are Allah’s Apostle, we would not prevent you, but you are Muhammad bin Abdullah (sa).’ The Prophet (sa) said: ‘I am Allah’s Apostle and also Muhammad bin Abdullah (sa).’ Then, he said to Ali (rtam): ‘Rub off (the words) ‘Allah’s Apostle’,’ but Ali (rtam) said: ‘No, by Allah, I will never rub off your name.’ Allah’s Apostle (sa) took the document and wrote: ‘This is what Muhammad bin Abdullah (sa) has agreed upon: No arms will be brought into Makkah, except in their cases, and nobody from the people of Makkah will be allowed to go with him (i.e., the Prophet (sa)), even if he wished to follow him, and he (the Prophet (sa)) will not prevent any of his companions from staying in Makkah, if the latter wants to stay.’ When the Prophet (sa) entered Makkah and the time limit passed, the people of Makkah went to Ali (rtam) and said: ‘Tell your friend (i.e., the Prophet (sa)) to go out, as the period (agreed to) has passed.’ The Prophet (sa) went out of Makkah. The daughter of Hamza (rtam) ran after them (i.e., the Prophet (sa) and his companions), calling: ‘O uncle! O uncle!’ Ali (rtam) received her and led her by the hand, and said to Fatimah (rtaf): ‘Take your uncle’s daughter.’ Zaid (rtam) and Jafar (rtam) quarreled about her. Ali (rtam) said: ‘I have more right to her, as she is my uncle’s daughter.’ Jafar (rtam) said: ‘She is my uncle’s daughter, and her aunt is my wife.’ Zaid (rtam) said: ‘She is my brother’s daughter.’ The Prophet (sa) judged that she should be given to her aunt, and said that the aunt was like the mother. He then said to all: ‘You are from me, and I am from you’, and said to Jafar (rtam): ‘You resemble me both in character and appearance’, and said to Zaid (rtam): ‘You are our brother (in faith) and our freed slave.’” (Bukhari)
These were men of high faith. They dedicated their lives, honour, assets, and every single blessing from Allah (swt) in his way and yet they disagreed. The point to comprehend is that Allah (swt) has not created carbon copies. We are all unique in our thoughts and actions. This is what makes the world diverse, and helps man deliver his best. The Prophet (sa) understood the Sahabah’s good intentions for the girl, and hence judged amongst them which they agreed to.
He (SAW) Punished Him
Urwa bin Az-Zubair (rtam) has narrated: “Az-Zubair (rtam) told me that he quarrelled with an Ansari man, who had participated in (the battle of) Badr, in front of Allah’s Apostle (sa) about a water stream, which both of them used for irrigation. Allah’s Apostle (sa) said to Az-Zubair (rtam): ‘O Zubair! Irrigate (your garden) first and then let the water flow to your neighbour.’ The Ansari became angry and said: ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Is it because he is your cousin?’ On that, the complexion of Allah’s Apostle (sa) changed (because of anger), and he said (to Az-Zubair [rtam]): ‘Irrigate (your garden) and then withhold the water, till it reaches the walls (surrounding the palms).’ Allah’s Apostle (sa) gave Az-Zubair (rtam) his full right. Before that, Allah’s Apostle (sa) had given a generous judgement beneficial for Az-Zubair (rtam) and the Ansari, but the Ansari rejected it. Hence, Allah’s Apostle (sa) gave Az-Zubair (rtam) his full right according to the evident law. Az-Zubair (rtam) said: ‘By Allah! I think the following verse was revealed concerning that case: “But no by your Lord they can have no faith, until they make you judge in all disputes between them.” (An-Nisa 4:65)’” (Bukhari)